Change is good
The upside of the internet disrupting the movie industry
The competition and challenges of film launches are only set to become more difficult over the coming years with the ongoing expansion of services like Netflix, Amazon, HBO, etc. Despite this pressure, movie production is growing and there is a fantastic array of new content entering the market each year. The range of stories and storytelling only seem to be getting better and better.
Together with Mirona we embarked on analysing the status quo and breaking down what steps distributors, filmmakers, producers and entertainment content producers in general can take to cut through the noise in trying to bring their content in front of the relevant audiences.
The final result is Winning Your Audiences. Movie Marketing in the Connected World- an ebook filled with case studies and actionable insights driven from our activity at Gruvi. Over the next weeks we will publish excerpts from the book here (Part 1 and Part 2 have already been published). The entire ebook is available to download for free on our website:
The internet and digital technologies are in the process of massively disrupting the movie industry. The distributors’ traditional role as gatekeepers is being challenged more today than it ever has been in the past. At the same time, a medium flooded by content is in great need of trustworthy curators.
Christine Eloy is the Managing Director of Europa Distribution- an association of European producers that focuses on supporting the industry in these tough times through workshops, conferences, as well as lobbying and information dissemination. We talked about the challenges faced by the sector and the discussion promptly turned to the known culprits: too much competition in the cinema, strong competition from outside of the cinema, the difficulties in navigating the always changing online medium. In Europe, as expected, these issue also take an institutional dimension. While there are more EU programs than ever dedicated to distribution support, Christine decried a lack of connection between policy makers and the industry. A good example of this are the initiatives such as the Digital Single Market, which are attempting to review and rewrite copyright laws within the Eurozone (we discussed in more detail some of the proposed measures here).
EFFT 16: Fireside chat with Jörgen Gren, Phil Clapp, Ville Heijari, and Milissa Douponce
All of these factors force the industry into a survival mindset, but there is still plenty of hope and, along with the pressures, there are plenty of new opportunities for intrepid companies to look into. We will explore the available solutions on a theoretical level first.
In the second part of the book we will take a deep dive into case studies, strategies and processes that can aid indie distributors in their mission to reach and engage online audiences.
Check back next week for the first part of Chapter 2.
We have seen in this chapter the various pitfalls that face indie movies, but it mustn’t all be gloom and doom. The same factors that have created these threats and challenges can be exploited as opportunities. In order to achieve this, disruption must be accepted and tackled with a focus on the end goal, rather than the process of achieving it. Film distributors want audiences to pay for seeing movies- whether in the form of cinema tickets, renting, watching on VOD etc. They have more methods than ever before at their disposal to achieve that.
Being different is the very currency of indies but the adherence to mainstream ideas of success is already posing a major threat to their future. So the key to successfully ride the movie industry disruption wave is to accept that gains are obtained over a longer period of time and focus should be on long tail economics.
It’s easy to say that the number of independent movies that ‘make it’ has decreased in the last 2 decades. But what defines them as independent films? And what defines ‘making it’? Some films produced independently are made on a shoestring budget, with a cast and crew of friends. For some of them, breaking out means having an audience beyond friends and family. For others the ambition is to be selected in festivals and build awareness and credibility for the director.
While the methods and strategies we suggest in this paper can be applied for all movies, our focus is on films that are made as both an artistic and a financial investment. They are films that are made with an expectation for a multinational (if not international) audience.
Slow but steady gains are seeded rather than providing immediate returns. These also come with marketing expenditure that follows the same pace. Instead of sinking costs into prints and a big campaign to back a nation or world-wide opening, a limited release can attract a very precisely targeted audience. Minimizing the window to the VOD release, the film can benefit from strong word of mouth support that can help reduce the marketing costs. The key relies on putting the effort into constantly seeking out the film’s audience. Once identified, each member of that audience should be able to enjoy the movie as soon as possible. In the long run this could increase the number of successful small and middle budget films being made.
The key to benefiting from long tail economics is to open up to the technology that has made this a possibility to begin with.
It requires distributors to consider various release alternatives simultaneously and over a longer period of time- alternative distribution- rather than immediate returns from theatrically exploiting the film and having other channels as a welcome bonus.
Alternative distribution offers the possibility of lower sunk costs when it comes to marketing. While budgets as a whole might stay the same, the expenditure is spread over a longer period of time. The focus changes towards actions that have proven results and not just buzz-making value.
It is also important to note that this approach requires doing away with some existing industry conceptions:
- The length of the ‘idea to screen’ time- that is how series have managed to set the pace and take the lead. While this is something that concerns producers, it also has a deep impact on the work distributors do to market movies;
- The definition of success- this needs to change to reflect realistic and specific expectations of rational independent film distributors;
- Release windows- shorter windows and simultaneous releases are key;
- Marketing as a rigid strategy- this should instead be an ongoing process and involve the movie’s producers;
- The definition of successful digital and social media marketing campaigns- impressions shouldn’t be enough to impress and Facebook accounts can’t be fully left to handle by an intern.
Thank you for reading!
Here are two other excerpts from the book you can explore through our editorial partners, Celluloid Junkie and Canada Media Fund:
Gruvi: Movie Marketing in the Connected World — Celluloid Junkie
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If you’d like to read the whole ebook, you can download it on our website:
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